Materialistic Thought – Rational or Irrational?
A materialistic way of thinking assumes that science is all this and is all human knowledge. Those who have this perspective argue that the methods of science are the only reliable ways of securing knowledge of everything.
“Science provides all the important truths about reality and the knowledge of these truths is what is a true understanding.” (Alex Rosenberg, scientific philosopher)
It is not so surprising that some people are hungry for science. It has such a positive effect on daily life in the Western world. Smartphones, laptops, airplanes, television, household appliances, etc. are all around us. The resulting science and technology help us to communicate, attract easily, entertain, visit foreign countries and reduce domestic whips.
But should we really treat science as our exclusive guide to reality? Are there other credible sources and an understanding of our existence?
Science and materialistic thought
Science gives us reliable and valid facts about the world, p. on electronics, chemistry and biology. A great curiosity, with rigorous observation and experience, results in incredible discoveries.
But does this mean that we should place non-scientific sources as unreliable? I think of many healthy people who are not based on science that we can test with our ordinary experience: for example, ideas about vegetable culture, football tactics, personal relationships. And what about what is called an enlightened understanding that results from the states of meditation or spiritual knowledge derived from the Holy Scriptures.
Great unifying theories
Science offers a wide variety of ways of understanding reality, whether it is the theory of evolution, the electromagnetic spectrum, the periodic system of elements, and so on.
The scope of the scientific instruments used to gather information limits the existing evidence for a comprehensive theory of everything. In the only defense theories based on the data of scientific tools, those who have the perspective of materialistic thinking actually reject the elements that science does not know directly.
For example, a materialistic perspective denies the existence of supernatural beings such as angels, demons, and spirits. But there is no telescope, microscope or electrical device that scientists could use to investigate the existence or non-existence of such things. Are not the visions of those who have experiences of death or the mystical experiences of ordinary people of some importance? Moreover, are not personal ideas, moral intuition, or perhaps religious experience, also sources of information worthy of respect?
Determinism of materialistic science
Science has discovered the causes of phenomena. As the billing of chemical reactions in molecular theory, the movement of planets in relation to the theory of gravity and the behavior of animals in relation to their instinct and conditioning.
In fact, the work of scientists is that a natural cause determines all the things they study. As every event causes in nature and humans exist in nature, the science of psychology assumes that something natural determines human actions and decisions.
In this way, materialistic thought, there is no human free will. They make a personal choice – talk to them about the topics of study or your partner you are taking and children with, but science does not respect the freedom of will as the cause of your actions. Instead, it only takes external causes as your natural hereditary disposition and your social learning experience may be responsible for your decision.
Reduction of materialistic science
Scientific reductionism is the idea of reducing interactions and complex entities to the sum of their components, in order to study them more easily. Thus, science wants to explain the phenomena of psychology as the temperament of biology. In turn, chemistry explains the facts of biology as digestion. And physics explains the results of chemistry as oxidation.